LARSSON: SYMPHONIC WORKS, VOL. 3, Helsingborg Symphony Orchestra; Andrew Manze/CPO 777673-2 SACD This is the third and final release from Andrew Manze and the Helsingborg Symphony Orchestra in CPO’s valuable survey of the orchestral works of Lars-Erik Lassson (1908-1986). The first two volumes were reviewed by me in 2014 and 2015, but why collectors have had to wait almost three years for this latest release to appear is a mystery since the music on all three volumes was recorded in 2011! Though not a prolific composer Larsson’s compositions encompass most musical genres – orchestral, works for solo instrument, chamber and opera. His music spans late romanticism, neo-classicism and he even adapted aspects of serialism to his own needs. It is perplexing as to why this fine composer has not gained greater popularity outside his native Sweden as his best music possesses the wide range of distinctive qualities that one associates with many of the greatest Nordic composers, Sibelius, Nielsen, Stenhammar et al. As with Volumes 1 and 2 the pattern is the same here. A symphony (in this case No.3 from 1944-45) is coupled with compositions from a different period in the composer’s compositional career. Larsson’s Symphony No.3 in C minor Op.34 the main work on this SACD is an arresting and dramatic work. As Christoph Schlüren, writer of the most informative liner notes suggests, the shade of Beethoven’s 5th is evoked by the driving five note theme of the opening ‘allegro con brio’. Contrast arrives with a wonderful romantic and expansive melody on the horns before both themes are satisfyingly developed with Larsson’s customary skill before reaching a surprisingly curt ending. The deeply felt slow movement is full of yearning lyricism and warmth while the brief scherzo that follows possesses both a delicacy and urgency beautifully conveyed by the crisp articulation Manze elicits from his Helsingborg players. The finale begins with a brief solemn introduction that quotes the aforementioned horn theme from the first movement before the arrival of the scampering allegro molto. The music dances along with considerable wit and boisterous exuberance that will delight the receptive listener. This is only the second commercial recording of the Symphony since its premiere in 1946. Larsson’s self doubt and sensitivity to criticism led to his withdrawal of the work immediately after its premier in 1946 (as was the case with his earlier two symphonies) though the finale was given a new life in 1948 as Concert Overture No.3 (Op.34). The ‘Adagio for String Orchestra’ Op. 48 and the ‘Three Orchestral Pieces’ Op. 49 that follow were composed in the 1960s and are examples of his free use of 12-tone style, though they are a world away from the composers of the 2nd Viennese School. On this disc the ‘Three Orchestral Pieces’ are placed before the ‘Adagio for String Orchestra’ rather than the chronological order ( Op.48 then Op.49) as Andrew Manze considers that the final minutes of Op.49 lead naturally into the opening of Op.48. The final work on this disc is ‘Musica permutatio for Orchestra’ Op.66. Dating from 1980, it was commissioned by Swedish Radio and was Larssson’s final work. It demonstrates that the composer had not lost his creative spark nor his ability to handle contrapuntal complexities while at the same time fashioning an inventive piece free from dry academicism. Andrew Manze achieves the same clarity of texture and focus in these pieces that are familiar from his many outstanding period performances, and the Helsingborg Symphony Orchestra respond to his direction with committed playing throughout. The works were recorded in the Konserthuset, Helsingborg, Sweden (August 16-18, 2011 (1-4) September 20-22, 2011 (5-9) by the experienced team of Lennart Dehn (producer) and Torbjörn Samuelsson (engineer) and, as with the previous issues, the sound is clean, spacious and well balanced. Larsson’s appealing and fastidiously fashioned music deserves much wider dissemination and it is to be hoped that, thanks to the advocacy of Andrew Manze, his fine Helsingborg musicians not to mention CPO’s excellent recording, this will be soon expedited.
COPLAND: SYMPHONY NO. 3, LETTER FROM HOME, DOWN A COUNTRY LANE, CONNOTATIONS, BBC Philharmonic, John Wilson/Chandos CHSA 5222 SACD John Wilson’s illuminating and finely engineered series of recordings for Chandos of the orchestral and symphonic works of Aaron Copland has been especially noteworthy not only for the inclusion of the composer’s most familiar compositions but also for a number his lesser known pieces that rarely, if ever, appear on concert programmes. This latest volume continues the pattern by coupling Copland’s monumental 3rd Symphony with a pair of comparatively light-weight and accessible pieces plus a major neglected composition from 1962. This latter work is ‘Connotations’ commissioned by Leonard Bernstein and the New York Philharmonic for a gala concert inaugurating the orchestra’s new home in Lincoln Centre. The celebrity audience at the premiere included the First Lady Jackie Kennedy, fellow composers, distinguished politicians and leading figures in the arts world. ‘Connotations’ is composed in a single movement lasting around twenty minutes (here 18.42) that certainly challenges the listener. It uses Copland’s own take on serialism and contrast of mood is provided by alternating fast and slow passages. The brilliant orchestration features pungent strings, harsh winds and pounding percussion. Wilson’s committed and incisive performance combined with the superb playing of the BBC Philharmonic could hardly do more justice to this uncompromising but rewarding piece. Copland’s 3rd Symphony has appeared only once before on SACD in a most recommendable version from Carlos Kalmar and the Oregon Symphony.John Wilson opts for a slightly more energetic and lively approach to the score than Kalmar without short changing the vital breadth and expansiveness of the Symphony’s outer movements. The jazzy second movement and perky central section of the third certainly benefit from the precision and rhythmic bite that Wilson engenders from his Manchester based musicians. The Chandos sonics reflect the clarity of the recording acoustic (MediaCityUK, Salford) and allow the climaxes to be delivered with considerable punch. Pentatone provide a warmer, less immediate, sound that beautifully captures the acoustic signature of the Arlene Schnitzer Concert Hall in Kansas. A clear choice between the two versions is frankly impossible and for many listeners it may well be determined by their respective couplings. In 1944 the bandleader Paul Whiteman established the Creative Music Fund to commission a series of short works, to be played by his own orchestra, for a late night radio show. The generous financial incentive offered ($1000) tempted a number of leading composers to submit their compositions. These included, amongst others, Leonard Bernstein, Duke Ellington, Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Roy Harris and Igor Stravinsky. ‘Letter from Home’ was Copland’s contribution and it was duly premiered by Whiteman in 1944 October. Copland subsequently revised the piece twice and it is his final version for chamber orchestra that is recorded here. ‘Down a Country Lane’ is also scored for small forces. Originally written as a solo piano piece, Copland orchestrated it in 1964 and in its orchestra garb it became a popular choice for school and youth orchestras. With their finely paced and idiomatic performances, Wilson and the BBC Philharmonic convey the homespun simplicity and melodic warmth of these two engaging and unpretentious pieces making a fitting conclusion to what is another most impressive addition to this valuable series.
RICHARD STRAUSS: ABER DER RICHTIGE: VIOLIN CONCERTO AND MINIATURES, Arabella Steinbacher WDR Symphony Orchestra, Lawrence Foster/PENTATAONE SACD PTC 5186653 It comes as no surprise to learn that Arabella Steinbacher’s parents, as ardent lovers of the music of Richard Strauss, named their daughter after the eponymous heroine of the composer’s tenth opera composed in 1933. This album entitled ‘Aber der Richtige…’ is conceived as the violinist’s personal tribute to a composer she greatly admires and was recorded at the Kölner Philharmonie (23-24 and 26-27 May 2017) by West Deutscher Rundfunk engineers. The main work on this SACD is Strauss’s early ‘Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D minor Op.8’, written in 1881-1882 when he was just 17 years old. Though an impressive achievement for a teenager it shows little or any traces of his future genius, its style being modelled largely on Mendelssohn, Bruch and Schumann. Steinbacher’s gives an ardent and beautifully executed account of the long first movement, receiving splendid support and playing of both great vitality and finesse from the WDR Symphony Orchestra directed by Lawrence Foster. The song-like ‘Lento ma non troppo’ that follows benefits from the violinist’s richness of tone and her hushed ethereal playing that together perfectly capture the movement’s sense of repose. Naturally she dispatches the high jinks of final Rondo with all the winning virtuosity and crisp articulation that one could wish for. It is also pleasing to note that throughout the balance between soloist and orchestra on this recording is very natural with no highlighting of the former as is so often the case on many concerto recordings. Altogether a most recommendable version of an admittedly minor work. Regrettably Strauss in his long career composed just two solo violin works; the concerto discussed above and the ‘Sonata for Violin and Piano in E flat Op18’. Arabella Steinbacher has already recorded a lovely account of the latter for PENTATONE so inevitably the rest of her programme on this disc consists of arrangements for violin and orchestra of pieces not conceived for this instrumental combination and described here as “Miniatures”. The transcription of the early ‘Romance in F major’ for cello and orchestra certainly loses little when transferred to the violin, and Steinbacher’s warmly expressive reading does full justice to this melodic composition. The arrangement by Peter von Wienhardt of the fourth of Strauss’s ‘Five Piano Pieces Op.3 also sparkles thanks to the soloist’s zestful playing. The remaining works on the disc are transcriptions of four of Strauss’s most well-known songs and the aforementioned ‘Aber der Richtige…’duet from Arabella. Few would argue that Strauss’s vocal writing, especially for the female voice, is one of his greatest achievements, as can be evidenced throughout his extensive Lieder and operatic output. Though one can not deny the ravishing beauty of Arabella Steinbacher’s renditions, it must be admitted that the violin is no substitute for the range, power and unique qualities of the human voice in these songs. That noted, the many admirer’s of this artist’s recordings need not hesitate in adding this most enjoyable SACD to their collections.
MOZART: SYMPHONIES KV 425 “LINZ”,” KV 385 “HAFFNER”, Netherlands Chamber Orchestra, Gordan Nikolić/Tacet S230 SACD A new release coupling of two of Mozart’s most popular symphonies in multi-channel SACD would appear to be unremarkable, even when performed by such a fine body of musicians as the Netherlands Chamber Orchestra directed by their long time musical director Gordan Nikolić. This, however, is no ordinary SACD but one recorded in TACET’s astonishing and, to some, controversial ‘Real Surround Sound’. TACET’s philosophy is to use the whole acoustic space available in one’s listening room by making full use of the 5 or 5.1 channels usually available on a Blu-ray disc or SACD. Whereas the majority of multi-channel recordings attempt, with varying degrees of success, to create the illusion of a concert hall layout by using the front channels to carry the musical performance and the rears to add the acoustic signature of the venue through extra ambient information, TACET’s approach is crucially different. The musicians sit in a circle (its diameter dependent on the number of performers involved) facing the centre where the microphones are positioned. The comprehensive booklet notes that accompany this SACD illustrate the instrumental layouts for each of these symphonies. Careful adjustment of levels and speaker positioning are needed to realise accurately engineer Andreas Spreer’s visual representations and success will, of necessity, be determined by one’s own system and domestic surroundings. The rewards are well worth the effort as one hears these familiar works as if with fresh ears. Both symphonies were recorded in the most agreeable acoustic of the NedPho-Koepel (the former Majellakerk), Obiplein, Amsterdam in February 2017. Of course none of this technological wizardry would matter without the correspondingly high musical values evident in these performances. Gordan Nikolić is probably most familiar to UK audiences as an outstanding concertmaster of the London Symphony Orchestra but also for his many recordings as both a conductor and soloist for a variety of record labels. His performances of both the ‘Haffner Symphony’ and the ‘Linz’ are crisp, polished and evenly paced, the only possible exception being the slow movement of the ‘Haffner’ which though lovingly phrased seems to me a tad too measured, especially with the repeat included as here. The Netherlands Chamber Orchestra perform on modern instruments but with the use of natural horns and trumpets and timpani played with wooden sticks – a nod to so-called “period style”. Though some will regret the absence of hell-for-leather tempi and vibratoless string playing, these eloquent performances capture both the festive nature and grandeur of these masterpieces in a way that will give much pleasure to many, whether listening in 2-channel Stereo or 5.1 Real Surround Sound. Highly recommended.